| The Coca plant. |
The Federal Drug Schedule places coca and cocaine into the same category, as though they are the same thing. This is not true, and is clearly misleading.
I used to have a magic mushroom grower who shopped in my store. He once told me that he liked cocaine because it was an "herbal extract." Since I sold genuine herbal extracts and eschewed drugs of any kind, I wondered if he was ignorant of how pure extracts are made, or if he was ignorant about all the chemicals used in the processing, manufacturing and diluting of the white powder drug. This is s perfect example of Americans not understanding the difference.
Coca leaf use has never been a problem in South America. Americans are the market for the white drug made from this sacred plant. The plant itself is useful to native peoples.
Traditional medicinal uses of coca were as a stimulant to overcome exhaustion, hunger, and thirst, and also as an anesthetic to alleviate the pain of rheumatism, wounds, sores, broken bones, and childbirth. Coca is still chewed in the traditional way, with a tiny quantity of ilucta ( the ashes of quinoa straw mixed with unslaked lime and water, then made into a paste and dried) added to the coca leaves, which softens their astringent taste and activates the alkaloids.
The practice of chewing coca was likely a matter of survival in the harsh environment of the Andes above 14,000 feet. The boost in energy and strength provided by the coca leaves was overtly functional at an altitude where oxygen is thin and extensive walking is common. Coca leaves were and still are used to alleviate altitude sickness. The coca leaf is rich in protein and contains a healthy variety of vitamins. Since it grows in harsh regions where other food resources are scarce, it has value as a food resource for local indiginous peoples that have used it for millennia.
Cocaine (the drug) manufacturing uses lots of kerosene or gasoline, sulfuric acid and ammonia. Smaller amounts of bleach, parafins, quick lime, caustic soda and cement powder are added to the brew. The raw powder is later refined in a lab with even more chemicals: acetone and hydrochloric acid. That becomes the very impure drug, cocaine, though not very pure.
Alkaloidal impurities that have been identified at significant levels in illicit natural cocaine include N-acetylnorcocaine, 2,3-didehydroecgonine, 2,3-didehydroecgonine methyl ester, benzoic acid, benzoyl ecgonine, N-benzoyl norecgonine methyl ester, trans-cinnamic acid, cis- and trans-cinnamoylcocaine, cis- and trans-cinnamoylecgonine, ecgonine, methyl ecgonine, N-formylcocaine, N-norcocaine, N-norecgonine, tropacocaine, all five diastereoisomeric truxillic acids, all eleven diastereoisomeric truxillines, and all six diastereoisomeric truxinic acids.
Then the cocaine powder is further cut or diluted with one or more of the following chemicals:
Lactose, mannitol, niacinamide, bensocaine, lidocaine, procaine, acetaminophen, atropine, caffeine, hydrozine, methylephedrine, diltiazen, methylphenidate (Ritalin), phenacetin, levamisole, etc.
The latter, a pharmaceutical grade veterinary dewormer and a research immuno-modulator, is the latest cutting agent for the drug, cocaine.
Coca leaves are on a par with coffee beans, chemically. People who snort coke are getting gasoline, animal dewormers and cement powder up their nose. How sexy.
Every American Cocaine purchase helps fund Cartel Violence from Columbia to Mexico.
Your money is used to kill people.
Plants are NOT Drugs.
Drugs are not plants.
Acetaminophen (Paracetamol, APAP)
Common pain killer, analgesic and fever reducer; can cause liver damage at higher doses, particularly when combined with alcohol.
Anti-muscarinic with various clinical applications. Severe adverse effects possible, including amnesia, disorientation, visual disturbances, and coma at high doses.
Used as a low-end adulterant. Easily detected but dangerous if injected.
Calcium channel blocker used in cardiovascular disease. Can cause adverse cardiovascular reactions, fainting, vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea.
Sedative, anxiolytic, antihistamine. Can cause dizziness.
Milk sugar. One of the most common substances used over the last century to cut cocaine.
A de-wormer and immunomodulator, can cause nausea, diarrhea, and dizziness. Increasingly found in cocaine supplies, associated with cases of reversible immune system dysfunction.
Local anesthetics, used as cocaine diluents to mimic the numbing effect of cocaine. Can cause nausea, vomiting, dizziness, tremors, and convulsions. Lidocaine's presence in cocaine seems to be in decline.
A sugar alcohol and a diuretic that makes cocaine more sweet tasting.
A stimulant chemical.
Analgesic and fever reducer, withdrawn by the U.S. FDA in 1983 because of possible carcinogenicity and kidney toxicity. Increasingly used as a primary adulterant.
An odorless, bitter chemical used to cut cocaine and heroin. Dangerous when injected.
Talc (magnesium trisilicate)
A soft mineral, pharmacologically inert. Very dangerous to inject.